Slavery ended in 1890. But life for black americans was hard, especially in the southern states. White leaders in the southern states had a new idea: Segregation. Whites had their own schools, their own churches and their own restaurants.
1955: The montgomery bus protest A black woman rosa parks was sitting on a bus in montgomery, alabama. A white man asked fir her seat. The law said: A black person must give their seat to a white person.+When rosa parks said no, the police took her to the police station. Black people in montgomery were very angry. They said «we won´t travel on the bus» No black people travelled on the buses for 381 days. It was a protest without fighting. And it worked! After that, blacks and whites went on the same buses and they could sit anywhere. This was the start of the civil rights movement, when black people fought to be equal to whites.
1963 The march on washington Martin luther king Jr led 250.000 black and white people on a march in washington D.C The people on the march wanted jobs and freedom. He made a famous speech. «I have a dream», he told the people. He dreamed of an america where skin colour was not important.
1964 civil rights act segregation because of race was now against the law. This was very important law and the southern states had to change. It took time, but they did change.
1965 The assassination of malcolm x Malcom¿lm x fought for black rights. He was the leader of the nation of islam and he hated white people. His real name was malcolm X. He said «little» was a slave owner´s name. Many white people were frightened of him. He didn´t think the civil rights Movement and martin luther king jr were doing anything important – he tought the white people in power were controlling them. In 1965 someone from the Nation of islam killed malcom X.
1968 the assassination of martin luther king jr.
The first african-american woman wins a seat in the Us congress
2001 colin powell becomes the first african- american secretary of state.
2004 condoleezza rice becomes the first african-american woman secretary of state
2008 Barack obama becomes the first african-american president of the united states.